Publications

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Responsibility in the Time of Crisis?

The global Covid-19 pandemic has had devastating impacts on societies and economies across the world. In Vietnam, although a health crisis was effectively prevented, the economic damage is enormous with key exporting industries – including footwear, garments, and electronics – among the hardest hit. One of the key reasons for the damage to these industries was the practices of several international brands and retailers that quickly cancelled or postponed orders upon the onset of the crisis – refusing, in many cases, to pay for products already finished. Taking advantage of their dominant power over local suppliers, these international brands shifted losses created by the pandemic to the most vulnerable sections of global supply chains: the assembly suppliers that operate on thin profit margins and their poorly paid workers. This study provides evidence of this trend by drawing from…


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The Fourth Industrial Revolution

The labor-cost advantage of developing countries in Asia is challenged by increased use of digital automation and robots known also as Industry 4.0. Particularly those countries whose development model depends on export-led, low technology, low wage manufacturing industries may thus face the phenomena of jobless growth or even de-employment in the form of automation or even reshoring of employment to the previous importing countries thus reversing the direction of the current global value chains. In Vietnam, this development is particularly relevant to the garment, footwear and electronics sectors which provide employment to about 3.5 Mio. people and have a considerable growth potential. There is a common understanding that Vietnam has to upscale technology levels in these industries to increase productivity in order to remain competitive with its neighbors and explore the benefits and…


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Housing and Transportation in Vietnam's Ho Chi Minh City

The rapid urban growth of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), driven by economic development and massive immigration, has put huge pressure on the natural environment and basic infrastructure and services, including the housing and transportation sectors. These circumstances have impacted on the lives of local residents, especially on the poor and disadvantaged, exacerbating social inequality. This study provides a local context for analysing the needs for a social urban policy. Besides, the paper also analyses the impact of planning on mobility and housing and provides recommendations for more efficient planning.

 

 


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Vietnam's environmental policies at a crossroads

Vietnam achieved a rapid socio-economic development within the last decades, lifting millions of people out of poverty. However, the future development of the country is threatened by severe challenges arising from climate change, pollution caused by the country’s rapid industrialization process, and home-made environmental problems.The study at hand analyses Vietnam’s challenges in the field of climate change, energy, and the environment, as well as the political actions taken to tackle them. Addressed towards practitioners working in the fields of climate change, energy, and environment, the paper offers an optimistic outlook, and policy-recommendations on what should be done to improve the situation in Vietnam.


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Promoting socially and economically just energy transformations in Asia

With a series of country studies from Asia, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung addresses the political and social factors that drive - but also hamper - socially just energy transitions. To this end, authors from China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, South-Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam worked together with Miranda Schreurs, professor for environmental and climate policy from the Technical University of Munich to provide an in-depth analysis of the situation in their respective countries. The meta study written by Miranda Schreurs and Julia Balanowski provides a comprehensive overview of the most important commonalities and differences across the eight countries.

 


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Vietnam in the Global Economy

Since the beginning of the comprehensive reform process in 1986, economic growth in Vietnam has been remarkable. The question remains as to whether this spectacular development will be able to continue. There are a number of experts who believe that Vietnam is in danger of falling into the middle-income trap or might already be affected by it. The aim of the following paper is to analyse the specific way in which Vietnam has been integrating into the global economy and what kind of production structure has been created as a result. The main conclusion is that theoretical considerations and empirical analyses support the hypothesis that an unregulated integration in the world market is not beneficial for Vietnam in the long run and could lead to Vietnam becoming stuck in the MIT.


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The missing link in the chain?

In Asia, countries with export-oriented industries like Vietnam benefit from low wages and a growing workforce to ensure participation in the new global trade regimes. However, trade liberalisation and trade agreements in their current form have unleashed hyper-competitive pressure in products such as ready-made garments, footwear and consumer electronics. Labour clauses linked to trade have provided little protection for workers on core labour standards, let alone living wages, working hours and safety standards. This Vietnam country study explored the labour practices in the global value chains of three key exporting industries in Vietnam, namely garments, footwear and electronics, within the context of the industrial and labour relations systems of the country. It suggests ways how decent work in global supply chains can be influenced through national and local government policies,…


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Towards a socially just energy transition in Viet Nam

A swift transition towards renewable energy (RE) is needed in Asia. Nevertheless, the transition towards RE progresses only slowly in most Asian countries. With a series of countries studies from Asia, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung addresses the political and social factors that drive, but also hamper an energy transition. To this end, authors from China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines, South-Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam worked together with Prof. Miranda Schreurs to provide an in-depth analysis of the situation in their respective countries.


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Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Vietnam Office

7 Ba Huyen Thanh Quan
Ba Dinh
Hanoi - Vietnam
IPO Box 44

+84   24 38455108
+84   24 38452631

mail(at)fes-vietnam.org
 

More publications on FES' work in Asia

More publications on FES' work in Asia

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More publications on FES' work worldwide

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